Critical Resistance was formed in 1997 when activists challenging the idea that imprisonment and policing are a solution for social, political, and economic problems came together to organize a conference that examined and challenged what we have come to call the prison industrial complex (PIC). Held in Berkeley, California, in September 1998, the conference brought together over 3,500 activists; academics; former and current prisoners; labor leaders; religious organizations; feminists; gay, lesbian, and transgender activists; youth; families; and policymakers from literally every state and other countries. The three-day event featured nearly 200 different panels and workshops. The conference also included a number of cultural events and a ﬁlm festival. While the conference was a huge success, Critical Resistance recognized that its work had only begun. The goal of Critical Resistance was, and continues to be, building a movement to eliminate the prison industrial complex.